Active Directory Client (dsclient) for Win98/NT
Microsoft has developed extensions for the Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT 4.0 operating systems that allow those client platforms to take advantage of features provided by the Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 Active Directory service.
These client extensions were developed for customers who wish to deploy Windows 2000/2003 Server in environments with Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT 4.0 based client workstations.
Active Directory Features SupportedWindows 9x and Windows NT 4 based clients lack many of the features of Windows 2000 Professional and Windows XP Professional that are related to Active Directory. The Active Directory client extension is an upgrade or patch for Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT 4.0, which enables the following Active Directory features:
- Site awareness - This includes the ability to log on to the domain controller that is closest to the client in the network and the ability to change passwords on any Windows 2000/2003-based domain controller, instead of the primary domain controller (PDC). In order to benefit from this new functionality the computer object where the Client extension is installed must exist in a Windows 2000/2003 domain.
- Active Directory Service Interfaces (ADSI) - ADSI allows scripting to Active Directory and provides a common programming API to Active Directory programmers.
- DFS fault tolerance client - This provides access to Windows 2000/2003 distributed file system (DFS) fault tolerant and fail-over file shares specified in Active Directory. In order to benefit from this new functionality the computer object where the Client extension is installed must exist in a Windows 2000/2003 domain.
- Active Directory Windows Address Book (WAB) property pages - These allow users who have permission to change properties on user objects (for example, phone number and address) by means of the user object pages, which can be accessed by clicking the Start menu, and then pointing to Search and For People. This also includes support for display specifiers that allow rendering of new schema elements stored on the user object in Active Directory.
- NTLM v2 authentication - The client extensions take advantage of the improved authentication features available in NTLM v2.
Active Directory Features Not SupportedSignificant architectural advancements have been made in the Windows 2000 Professional and Windows XP Professional client platforms. They deliver functionality that the Active Directory client extensions on Windows 9x and Windows NT 4.0 cannot deliver. Users can take advantage of these additional capabilities by upgrading to Windows 2000 Professional or Windows XP Professional.
- Kerberos support - The Active Directory client extension does not deliver Kerberos support to Windows 9x and Windows NT 4.0 based clients.
- Group Policy or IntelliMirror support - The Active Directory client extension does not deliver IntelliMirror management technologies or Windows 2000/2003 Group Policy functionality.
- IPSec or L2TP support - The Active Directory client extension does not deliver advanced virtual private networking (VPN) protocols, like Internet Protocol security (IPSec) or Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP).
- SPN or mutual authentication - The Active Directory client extension does not deliver Service Principal Name (SPN) or mutual authentication.
Active Directory Client requirements for NT4
- Service Pack 6a
- Versions of Internet Explorer no earlier than 4.01