Monday, 26 March 2012

Technical Interview Questions - Windows Server 2008/R2 Active Directory


Technical Interview Questions - Windows Server 2008/R2 Active Directory

  • What is Active Directory?
  • What is LDAP?
  • Where is the AD database held? What other folders are related to AD?
  • Talk about all the AD-related roles in Windows Server 2008/R2.
  • What are the new Domain and Forest Functional Levels in Windows Server 2008/R2?
  • What is the SYSVOL folder?
  • What are the AD naming contexts (partitions)s and replication issues for each NC?
  • What are application partitions?
  • What applications or services use AD application partitions? Name a couple.
  • How do you create a new application partition?
  • What are the requirements for installing AD on a new server?
  • What can you do to promote a server to DC if you're in a remote location with slow WAN link?
  • ...
  • How do you view replication properties for AD partitions and DCs?
  • What is the Global Catalog?
  • How do you view all the GCs in the forest?
  • Why not make all DCs in a large forest as GCs?
  • Talk about GCs and Universal Groups.
  • Describe the time synchronization mechanism in AD.
  • What is ADSIEDIT? What is NETDOM? What is REPADMIN?
  • What is DCDIAG? When would you use it?
  • ...
  • What are sites? What are they used for?
  • What's the difference between a site link's schedule and interval?
  • What is the KCC?
  • What is the ISTG? Who has that role by default?
  • Talk about sites and GCs.
  • Talk about sites and Exchange Server 2007/2010.
  • ...
  • What is GPO?
  • Describe the way GPO is applied throughout the domain.
  • What can you do to prevent inheritance from above?
  • How can you override blocking of inheritance?
  • Name some of the major changes in GPO in Windows Server 2008.
  • What are ADM files? What replaced them in Windows Server 2008?
  • What's the GPO repository? How do you use it?
  • What are GPO Preferences?
  • Which client OSs can use GPO Preferences?
  • What are GPO Templates?
  • What are WMI Filters?
  • What is the concept behind GPO Filtering?
  • How can you determine what GPO was and was not applied for a user? Name a few ways to do that.
  • A user claims he did not receive a GPO, yet his user and computer accounts are in the right OU, and everyone else there gets the GPO. What will you look for?
  • You want to standardize the desktop environments (wallpaper, My Documents, Start menu, printers etc.) on the computers in one department. How would you do that?
  • ...
  • What are the major changes in AD in Windows Server 2008?
  • What are the major changes in AD in Windows Server 2008 R2?
  • What is the AD Recycle Bin? How do you use it?
  • What is tombstone lifetime attribute?
  • What are AD Snapshots? How do you use them?
  • What is Offline Domain Join? How do you use it?
  • What are Fine-Grained Passwords? How do you use them?
  • Talk about Restartable Active Directory Domain Services in Windows Server 2008/R2. What is this feature good for?
  • What are the changes in auditing in Windows Server 2008/R2?
  • ...
  • How can you forcibly remove AD from a server, and what do you do later?
  • Can I get user passwords from the AD database?
  • What tool would I use to try to grab security related packets from the wire?
  • Talk about PowerShell and AD.
  • ...
  • How do you backup AD?
  • How do you restore AD?
  • Talk about Windows Backup and AD backups.
  • How do you change the DS Restore admin password?
  • Why can't you restore a DC that was backed up 7 months ago?
  • What's NTDSUTIL? When do you use it?
  • ...
  • What are RODCs?
  • What are the major benefits of using RODCs?
  • How do you install an RODC?
  • Talk about RODCs and passwords.
  • What is Read Only DNS?
  • What happens when a remote site with an RODC loses connectivity to the main site?
  • ...
  • Talk about Server Core and AD.
  • How do you promote a Server Core to DC?
  • ...
  • What are the FSMO roles? Who has them by default? What happens when each one fails?
  • How can you tell who holds each FSMO role? Name a 2-3 of methods.
  • What FSMO placement considerations do you know of?
  • You want to look at the RID allocation table for a DC. What do you need to do?
  • What's the difference between transferring a FSMO role and seizing one? Which one should you NOT seize? Why?

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